How To Identify & Define A Cigar's Flavour Profile
Let’s talk about taste. What you taste when you smoke a cigar stimulates debate among many aficionados. How can you tell if a cigar tastes like cedar, leather, or coffee beans?
Tasting cigars involves your sense of smell as much as your taste buds. Most of us can relate to the seductive scent we’re greeted with when we walk into a store that sells leather jackets. Premium cigars trigger strong reactions in your olfactory sense as much as your palate. We’re going to define the key components in a cigar’s profile – flavour, balance, body, strength, aroma, and finish.
Flavour, strength, and body are different but often confused because we apply “mild, medium, and strong” to measure each characteristic. A cigar can be mild in strength, but full in flavour and vice versa. Because flavour plays such a prominent role in how cigars are described, let’s first identify the most common tasting notes cigar lovers perceive.
We use a lot of culinary terminology to describe the tasting notes of a cigar. You’ll find the following terms in many cigar descriptions: chocolate, dark chocolate, cocoa, coffee beans, espresso, almonds, cashews, toast, black pepper, cayenne, cinnamon, molasses, maple, mesquite, nougat, figs, earth, leather, and more. Common references to trees and plants include cedar, hickory, and oak. Cigars can be zesty, tangy, floral, and earthy, or even metallic at times. Of course, this is the tip of the iceberg. A flavour wheel is a helpful guide for understanding the range of tasting notes premium cigars possess.
Tasting notes can spur controversy. Some reviewers will dissect a cigar’s flavours to an impractical level. I’ve never tasted ketchup, skittles, or salami in a cigar before, but I guess that doesn’t mean someone else hasn’t. Repugnant terms like petrol, pencil lead, tar, wet dog, and diesel have been applied to less-desirable cigars.
Cigars that include a greater range of tasting notes are considered full-flavored, while those with fewer are mild in flavour. Cigars with more tasting notes are also considered more complex. A cigar’s tasting notes often transition from beginning to end. As you smoke a cigar down, the heat from the lit end nears your palate and amplifies the cigar’s intensity. Smoke slowly to perceive more flavour. Taking longer, slower draws from your cigar will discourage your cigar from burning too hot and give you greater access to its tasting notes.
Helpful Tip: Cleanse Your Palate
In order to fully perceive a cigar’s flavours, be sure to cleanse your palate before you smoke. Sip on a glass of water or a beverage while you’re smoking, too. Staying hydrated keeps your palate sharp.
Balance goes hand in hand with flavour. Scientifically, the taste receptors on our tongues are designed to register five basic profiles: bitter, sour, salty, sweet, and umami.
A cigar is considered balanced when its flavour impacts the tasting regions on our tongue equally. A cigar that overwhelms one or two areas of the palate is unbalanced. A well-blended cigar will express a mix of creamy and spicy notes. Less-balanced cigars unleash excess bitterness or too much spice. Blending a cigar is like cooking an entrée. The cigar-maker will choose tobaccos that complement one another the way a chef carefully measures the ingredients in a dish to be in harmony when you taste them.
Strength describes a cigar’s nicotine content. In other words, strength is where we get a “buzz” from smoking cigars. Not all tobacco leaves are created equal. Intense Ligero leaves drawn from the upper sections of the plant harbour more nicotine than lower priming where Seco and Volado leaves are found. A cigar-maker blends a recipe of binder, filler, and wrapper tobaccos in a specific ratio for every cigar. Strong cigars rely on a blend with nicotine-dense leaves. Mild cigars are made with tobacco that contains less nicotine.
How fast you smoke a cigar can impact your perception of its strength. Nicotine can have a latent effect, which is why you may feel lightheaded when you first stand up after you smoke a cigar. Smoke your cigar gradually to avoid getting woozy.
The best way to perceive a cigar’s aroma, or room note, is when someone else is smoking it in your proximity. Because you are not directly tasting the cigar by smoking it, you can truly isolate its aroma. Similar to a cigar’s body, its aroma can be leathery, silky, creamy, meaty, soft, succulent, or spicy.
Aroma is more closely associated with memory than taste. We recall our favourite meals (and cigars) by the way they smell over the way we remember them tasting. Retrohaling a cigar, or pushing the smoke out through your nose, is a way to directly engage with its aroma. Retrohaling can maximise a cigar’s intensity.
A cigar’s finish can be long or short. A short finish doesn’t linger or leave a residual aftertaste on your tongue. A lot of mild cigars reveals a short finish. That doesn’t mean they are not complex. A short finish is simply an indication the flavour they deliver departs when the cigar is done.
More intense blends leave a long, lingering impression. You may taste the spicy, earthy, and woody flavours on your palate for a while after you’re done smoking. If you’re smoking two cigars back to back, save the stronger of the two for last. It’s easier to perceive the tasting notes of a second cigar when the first one is not lingering on your palate.